INA NCS Credential Exam Prep and Resources
The INA provides a certificate for those who pass the NCS Credential Exam.
Organizations and agencies are prohibited from awarding certificates to any individual who has completed the INA Basic Skills Assessment or INA Credential Exam. Completing either the test does NOT provide any individual with automatic membership to INA. Membership in the INA or passing one of our tests will in no way help individuals obtain a visa to the USA or any other country – saying so is false. Individuals can become MEMBERS of our association. However, membership in the INA does NOT certify, credential or accredit them in any way through INA. The INA does not have a certification for agencies. INA indemnifies itself from any legal proceedings based on a member’s wrong doing.
The NCS Credential Exam is designed to test a candidate’s working knowledge of newborns and infants, their developmental needs, and how to meet those needs in an in-home child care environment. The questions range in difficulty and are meant to provoke thought and learning. The exam is not meant to replace thorough interviews by agencies and families, observation of NCS applicants with infants of prospective employers, and complete reference checks. It can, however, be a gauge of the individual’s knowledge of what infants need and how they develop, as well as common difficulties they face. Professional newborn care providers continuously learn about babies. Both experience and education keep us abreast of developments in the newborn care field. Our commitment to learning as much as we can about them will enhance infant health and development as well as help them to feel secure and safe.
The exam has 100 Multiple Choice Questions.
This exam is designed to evaluate knowledge, skills, and attitudes of candidates taking the exam in the following areas:
- Health and safety principles for infants from premature through 6 months.
- Infant physical and emotional development.
- Caring for infants and their environment to meet daily needs and utilizing best practices as a newborn care specialist.
- Professionalism, including communication, personal qualities of a newborn care specialist, management skills, and adherence to ethical guidelines.
- Information needed about the birthing parent and their needs.
Study guide resources to accompany this exam prep can be found on this page. Please be sure to visit the links to explore credible research findings, the latest statistics, safety guidelines, videos, articles, expert reviews and best practices from authoritative sources around the world.
Focus on the assessment areas to hone your skills and review best practices for caring for and teaching young infants. It will also be important to revisit the latest CPR and First Aid training materials.
Starting out with a positive attitude is very important.
- Don’t aim for perfection. Focus on the big picture of improving your skills to make a positive impact on your charges and their family.
- The study process should be focused on exploring best practices when caring and teaching infants rather than memorizing every word and phrase.
- The new information you read and explore helps to demonstrate that you are a dedicated newborn care specialist, and that learning is a lifelong pursuit.
- Studying should be scheduled in smaller chunks of time rather than a marathon of reading.
- When reading materials, try to visual the information and connect it to your current job or past experiences.
- Create an outline or graphic organizer to help you divide the information for easier processing.
- Ask a friend to help you study or talk about new information with others. Talking about the information will help you to retain it longer.
- If possible and age appropriate, apply new strategies or techniques into real-world experiences with your current charges.
- How to Care for a Child who is not Circumcised
- How to Take a Child’s Temperature
- Thermometer basics
- Swaddling: Is it Safe?
- Hip-Healthy Swaddling
- Car Seat Recommendations for Children
- Baby Carriers: Always Use in the Car
- Car Seat Specially Designed for Children with an Omphalocele
- Tips to Keep Kids Warm All Winter
- Baby Bath Basics
- Bathing Your Newborn
- Reduce the Risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)
- First 6 Weeks of Sleep
- How to Keep Your Sleeping Baby Safe
- Newborns Have Small Stomachs!
- Diet for Breastfeeding/Chestfeeding Parents
- Breastfeeding: Getting Started
- Breastfeeding Conditions
- Breastfeeding FAQ’s
- Don’t Give Water to Breastfeeding Babies Before 6 Months of Age
- Storing Breast Milk: Do’s and Don’ts
- Benefits of Breastfeeding/Chestfeeding for Parent
- Feeding Breastmilk from a Bottle
- Responsive Feeding
- Tongue Tie and Frenotomy in the Breastfeeding Newborn
- Proper Storage and Preparation of Breast Milk
- Expressing and storing breast milk
- Foremilk and Hindmilk
- Transitional Milk and Mature Milk
- Human Milk Ingredients
- World Health Organization on Breastfeeding
- Low Blood Sugar in Newborns
- Vitamin D & Iron Supplements for Babies: AAP Recommendations
- How to Prepare Formula for Bottle-Feeding at Home
- Amount and Schedule of Formula Feedings
- Newborn Eyesight
- Reflexes in Newborns
- Health Promotion and Protection
- Infant health
- Creating Routines for Love and Learning
- Language Experienced in Utero
- Getting to Know Your Newborn
- Pregnancy – Week by Week
- Pregnancy and Baby Guide
- The Growing Child: Newborn
- The Growing Child: 1 to 3 Months
- Emotional and Social Development: Birth to 3 Months
- Developmental Milestones: 3 Months
- Movement: 4 to 7 Months
- Nurturing Care for Early Childhood Development
- Preventing and Treating Flat Head Syndrome in Babies
- Anatomy of the Newborn Skull
- Reactive Attachment Disorder
- Preparing Your Family for a New Baby
- White Noise
- Prenatal and Postnatal Flavor Learning by Human Infant
- Olfaction and human neonatal behaviour
- Why Babies Have a Hard Time Falling Asleep
- Suitable Sleep
- Circadian Rhythms in Infants
- Sleeping Arrangements in Families with Twins
- The 5 S’s for Soothing Babies
- Toxic Stress Exposure
- Toxic Stress
- Newborn – Sleep Patterns
- Infant Sleep Machines and Hazardous Sound Pressure Levels
- Sleep and Infant Learning
- Sleeping Through the Night
- Healthy Sleep Habits
- Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV)
- Thrush (Oral Candida Infection) in Children
- Congenital Muscular Torticollis
- Deformational Plagiocephaly
- Tongue-tie (Ankyloglossia)
- Ankyloglossia, Lip-tie
- The Lower Oesophageal Sphincter
- Cradle Cap
- Diaper Rash: How to Treat
- Atopic Eczema
- Your Baby’s Skin
- Infant Reflux
- Food Allergy
- Strabismus (Crossed Eyes)
- Corrected Age Calculator
- Postpartum Psychosis
- Preterm Birth
- Postpartum Depression
- Premature Birth
- Vascular Access for Premature Babies
- Infantile Haemangiomas
- Cleft Lip and Cleft palate
- Mastitis Common Concerns
- Mastitis Symptoms
- Pyloric Stenosis
- Pyloric Stenosis
- Recommended Practices for Nannies –
- Recommended Practices for Support Groups –
- Recommended Practices for Newborn Care Specialists
- Recommended Practices for Agencies –
- Recommended Practices for Business Staff –
- Recommended Practices for Nanny Employers –
- Recommended Practices for Background Checks
- Recommended Practices for Educators
- Recommended Practices for Online Recruitment Platforms
- Recommended Practices for Industry Services
- Respect the contributions of individuals involved in professional in-home child care.
- Maintain high standards of professional conduct
- Respect and support families in their task of nurturing children.
- Promote the physical, emotional, intellectual and social development of children.
- Support the lifelong process of personal growth and professional development.
When the INA decided to offer an international credentialing exam for Newborn Care Specialists, it was an important goal to include reliable, authoritative sources from different countries, supporting the credentialing of NCS from diverse locations around the world. Resources such as the American Academy of Pediatrics and the U.S. National Institutes of Health are not the only organizations who are considered to be reliable and authoritative in the field of newborn care, and in fact they are not necessarily even considered authoritative in other countries besides the US. Thus we chose a wider array of reliable sources from the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia & New Zealand, plus the World Health Organization as a global resource, to be the foundation of the study guide and of the questions in the exam. In
reviewing the content from these sources, we found some small discrepancies in how newborn care is interpreted and implemented, because our diverse sources sometimes have slightly different guidelines.
However, in the entire study guide, the practices as described by all of the reliable and authoritative sources (both private and governmental) are considered acceptable child and newborn care practices for an INA credentialed Nanny and NCS, and the INA does not rate one system or set of practices from one region or country above any other.
For example, in the United Kingdom, infant safe sleep requirements include placing the infant so that the feet touch the end of the crib or bassinet. In the United States, infant safe sleep requirements do not include anything about the position of the infant’s feet, or the infant’s body within the sleep space. These kinds of minor variations in care practices are the natural result of different professional and governmental bodies reviewing the data available to them, and thus are fully reasonable differences in standards of care between different countries.
An INA credentialed NCS can place the infant with the feet touching the end of the crib, especially if that has been their professional training and their authoritative source has instructed them to do so. Likewise, and INA credentialed NCS can place the infant without the feet touching the end of the crib, because reliable and authoritative sources have also stated that is considered a safe sleep option.
These are NOT material differences in the standards of care; a material difference would be for example, if one organization said that placing infants to sleep on their tummies is a safe sleep practice while all the others agreed that it is unsafe.
Recognizing the inevitability of these minor variations in care practices, and committed to honouring the authentic diversity in our sources, the INA made an immense effort to be sure that no exam question tests on any point that is implemented or interpreted differently among the various sources in the study guide.
Using the example above, the UK safe sleep requirements include feet touching the end of the bed and US safe sleep requirements do not, so that exact point is not tested on the exam, but only the common elements of safe sleep requirements. Thus, exam questions on safe sleep might test knowledge about back vs tummy sleeping, or about using blankets or pillows with newborns, but exam questions will not test knowledge about the infant’s position in the sleeping space or the infant’s feet touching the end of the crib, since those are considered to be acceptable variations in newborn care practices.
The questions range in difficulty and are meant to provoke thought and learning. It is not meant to replace thorough interviews by agencies and families, observation of nanny applicants with children of prospective employers, and complete reference checks. It can, however; be a gauge of Nannies’ knowledge of how children think and act at different ages, basic assumptions about guiding children’s behavior, and awareness of developmentally appropriate activities for children.
Professional child care providers continuously learn about children. Both experience and education keep us abreast of developments in the child care field. Our commitment to learning as much as we can about them will enhance children’s development, help them to feel secure and confident, and increase their ability to make thoughtful choices in regards to themselves and others.
Sample Question 1
Which statement does not describe the typical physical development of children? An infant who does not have normal reflexes may have brain or nerve damage.
- Coordination develops in large muscle groups before small muscle groups.
- The sequence of motor development differs with each child.
- Physical skills such as running become easier as a child’s body proportions change.
(Correct response is C)
Sample Question 2
A nanny should get help immediately when a child
- is under four months and has forceful vomiting more than once.
- is three and has greenish drainage from the nose.
- is five and has not urinated at least once in four hours.
- is seven and has an axillary (armpit) temperature of 100 degrees Fahrenheit.
(Correct response is A)